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 A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System

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Brief Description of the Chinese Number System
012345678910100100010000100000000
TraditionalA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 96F6A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E00A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E8CA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E09A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 56DBA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E94A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 516DA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E03A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 516BA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E5DA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5341A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 767EA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5343A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 842CA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5104
SimplfiedA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 96F6A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E00A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E8CA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E09A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 56DBA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E94A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 516DA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E03A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 516BA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E5DA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5341A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 767EA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5343A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E07A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4EBF
Formal Trad. (Daxie)A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 96F6A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 58F9A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 8CB3A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 53C3A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 8086A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4F0DA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 9678A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 67D2A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 634CA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 7396A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 62FEA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4F70A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4EDFA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 842CA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5104
Formal Simp. (Daxie)A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 96F6A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 58F9A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 8D30A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 53C2A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 8086A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4F0DA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 9646A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 67D2A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 634CA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 7396A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 62FEA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4F70A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4EDFA Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E07A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4EBF
Pinyinling2yi1er4san1si4wu3liu4qi1ba1jiu3shi2bai3qian1wan4yi4
While China has for many uses adopted the Arabic numeral system familiar around the world, it also still uses its native Chinese character number system. The Chinese system is also a base-10 system, but has important differences in the way the numbers are represented. Chinese has characters for numbers 0 through 9, as seen above. In addition to the character shown above for zero, a simple circle is also used. Pronunciation for the characters uses the standard Romanization scheme in China called "pinyin". The number at the end of the pinyin indicates the tone.
Eleven in Chinese is "ten one". Twelve is "ten two", and so on. Twenty is "Two ten", twenty-one is "two ten one" (2*10 + 1), and so on up to 99. One-hundred is "one hundred". One-hundred and one is "one hundred zero one". One hundred and eleven is "one hundred one ten one". Notice that for eleven alone, you only need "ten one" and not "one ten one", but when used in a larger number (such as 111), you must add the extra "one". One thousand and above is done in a similar fashion, where you say how many thousands you have, then how many hundreds, tens, and ones. An exception to this is for zeroes. When a zero occurs in the number (except at the end), you need to say "zero", but only once for two or more consecutive zeroes. So one-thousand and one would be "one thousand zero one", where zero stands in for the hundreds and tens places. Try different numbers in the converter above to practice and check on other numbers.
What is different from American English is that when you get to ten-thousand, Chinese has its own word (wan4), unlike English where you must use a compound of ten and thousand. Only after ten thousand does Chinese start using compounds itself. One-hundred thousand is "one ten wan4" (where wan4 is the Chinese word for ten-thousand that English lacks). Chinese goes on like this until 100 million (yi4), where it introduces a new character. This happens every four decimal places, unlike American English where it happens every three decimal places (thousand, million, billion, trillion, etc. are all separated by three decimal places).
Regular Chinese characters for numbers use relatively few strokes. The characters for one, two, and three are just one, two and three parallel horizontal strokes, respectively. To prevent fraud when writing checks and other cases where fraud is possible, Chinese also uses a series of more complex characters for the numbers. It is easy to change a "one" into a "two" in regular characters, but with the formal complex characters, this is impossible. See above for a listing of the equivalent formal characters.
As in English, one can also abbreviate a number by just listing the digits with the tens, hundreds, thousands, etc. omitted (as the web counter below does).
When talking about amounts, sometimes a variant of two is used in the hundred-million, ten-thousand, thousand, or hundreds place: A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5169 (liang3). It is never used in the tens place. Sometimes when used as an amount it can also replace two alone.
Shorthand characters also exist for twenty and thirty and are often used in newspapers, especially in dates. These are A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5EFF (nian4) for twenty and A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5345 (sa4) for thirty.
To express fractions and percents, Chinese uses the denominator followed by the two characters A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 5206 A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 4E4B (fen1 zhi1, "parts of"), followed by the numerator. So two-thirds would be "three fen1zhi1 two". In the case of percents, you would say "hundred fen1zhi1 amount", e.g. the way to say 63% is "hundred fen1zhi1 six ten three". When used in percents, just say hundred and not "one hundred".
The decimal point is expressed with the character A Brief Description of the Chinese Number System 9EDE (dian3).


Reference : http://www.mandarintools.com/numbers.html

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